August 15, 2022

British rockets, anti-tank missiles from the US and Estonia, and Turkish drones are simply a number of the weapons being utilized by Ukrainian forces in a fierce defence of their homeland.

Troops are desperately making an attempt to repel Putin’s army onslaught, with the nationwide guard taking on defensive positions throughout Kyiv and residents urged to make Molotov cocktails in a battle for management of the capital.

Yesterday Ukrainian troopers used shoulder launched guided missiles to take out Russian tanks and helicopters, after being despatched hundreds of ‘self-defence’ weapons by quite a lot of international locations within the West.

The UK has shipped 2,000 Subsequent Technology Mild Anti-tank Weapons (NLAW) to Ukraine, whereas the US final month despatched a aircraft loaded with 300 Javelin missiles price some $50million to Kyiv.

Different international locations, together with Turkey, the Czech Republic and Estonia have additionally adopted go well with, however nations together with Hungary, Germany and Belgium dominated out supplying weapons to counter Putin. 

Regardless of the help, Ukrainian protection minister Alexey Reznikov has pleaded for extra, saying: ‘We’d like as a lot Stinger [anti-aircraft] and anti-tank weapons as potential.

‘With a view to present for dependable procurement of kit, you might ship it to Poland. From there we’ll transport them throughout the land and shortly saturate our protection.’

From innovative drones to artillery that was first designed within the Fifties, MailOnline seems to be at what army support has been despatched to assist Ukraine, and which Western nation it has come from. 

From innovative drones to artillery that was first designed within the Fifties, MailOnline seems to be at what army support has been despatched to assist Ukraine, and which Western nation it has come from

Javelin anti-tank guided missiles

A Ukrainian soldier aims a Javelin launcher from the top of an armoured vehicle during a military parade in Kiev in 2018. The weapons can also be carried into battle by troops and fired over-the-shoulder

A Ukrainian soldier goals a Javelin launcher from the highest of an armoured automobile throughout a army parade in Kiev in 2018. The weapons may also be carried into battle by troops and fired over-the-shoulder 

International locations that despatched them: UK, Estonia and the US

What number of has Ukraine obtained? 300 from the US, unknown from the others

Value: £130,000 ($175,000) every only for the missile 

How they work: Javelins work through the use of infrared programs to lock on to their targets, which means troops don’t must preserve aiming after pulling the set off. 

As soon as the missile is fired, it ejects from the tube utilizing a small cost – so it may be fired in a confined house – earlier than the principle rockets ignite.

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The missile then flies as much as 490ft into the air earlier than slamming down on its goal from above – often called a ‘curveball’ shot.

This them particularly lethal in opposition to tanks as a result of their armour is thinnest on prime, though Javelins may also be used to explode buildings.

Javelin missiles use a 'curveball' shot - approaching their target from above - which makes them especially deadly against tanks which have less armour on the top. They also have two warheads which are designed to overcome 'reactive' armour that Russia uses

Javelin missiles use a ‘curveball’ shot – approaching their goal from above – which makes them particularly lethal in opposition to tanks which have much less armour on the highest. In addition they have two warheads that are designed to beat ‘reactive’ armour that Russia makes use of

Reality-file: The FGM-148 Javelin is a US-made missile that’s primarily designed to destroy tanks, utilizing a mixture of ‘curveball’ assault – which means it comes down on its targets from above – and twin excessive explosive warheads to take them out.

Javelins had been developed within the Nineties and have been in service since 1996 – developing in opposition to Russian-designed T-72 tanks through the Second Iraq Warfare, the place they proved notably efficient.

Russia nonetheless makes use of T-72 tanks – with dozens of T-72Bs now deployed close to Ukraine – and whereas they’ve undergone a number of rounds of enhancements since Saddam’s day, they’re nonetheless regarded as susceptible to the missile.

The place have they been utilized in Ukraine? In Glukhov, within the east of the nation, to destroy 15 Russian T-72 tanks 

Subsequent Technology Mild Anti-tank Weapon

Lightweight: The UK has shipped 2,000 Next Generation Light Anti-tank weapons to Ukraine (pictured during drills in Lviv)

Light-weight: The UK has shipped 2,000 Subsequent Technology Mild Anti-tank weapons to Ukraine (pictured throughout drills in Lviv)

Nation that despatched them: UK

What number of has Ukraine obtained? A minimum of 2,000

Value: £35,000 ($48,000) per single-shot unit

How they work: Launched on the shoulder and could be fired from confined areas.

A ‘chilly launch’ system ejects the missile with pressurised fuel earlier than it ignites its rocket motor, accelerating the weapon to 440 miles per hour (200 meters per second). 

The missile then makes use of an inertial navigation system to fly to a goal automobile. 

Reality file: The Subsequent Technology Mild Anti-tank Weapon (NLAW) started as a joint British-Swedish venture in 2002 to exchange Chilly Warfare-era weapons designed to offer infantry squads a conveyable, close-range protection in opposition to tanks.

The three.2 ft (1 metre) lengthy weapon, which has a shelf lifetime of 20 years, was constructed from parts manufactured by BAE, Saab, Thales and the US firm Raytheon.

It weighs simply 27.5 kilos and may launch a single 150-millimetre diameter missile out to an efficient vary between 65 and 2000 ft (20 and 600 metres), or as much as 1,300 ft (400 metres) for shifting targets.

The weapon is way lighter than the American-made Javelin missiles. 

Final month British army trainers, drawn from the newly shaped Ranger Regiment, had been despatched to Ukraine to instruct its troops on the best way to use the anti-tank weapons.

The place have they been utilized in Ukraine? Kharkiv, to the north-east of the nation, to destroy 4 Russian tanks and three assault helicopters 

Stinger missiles

The Stinger made history in the 1980s in Afghanistan when a man used the weapon to shoot down a Soviet Hind attack helicopter. A Ukrainian solider is pictured helping to transfer 92 Stinger missiles in Kyiv earlier this month

The Stinger made historical past within the Eighties in Afghanistan when a person used the weapon to shoot down a Soviet Hind assault helicopter. A Ukrainian solider is pictured serving to to switch 92 Stinger missiles in Kyiv earlier this month

International locations that despatched them: Latvia and Lithuania

What number of has Ukraine obtained? Unknown

Value: £97,000 ($130,000) per unit

How they work: To function the weapon, the soldier inserts a Battery Coolant Unit into the handguard, which releases a stream of argon fuel into the machine.

It additionally shoots a chemical vitality cost, which powers the indications and missile.

Reality-file: The Stinger made historical past within the Eighties in Afghanistan when a person used the weapon to shoot down a Soviet Hind assault helicopter.

The transfer modified the course of the warfare and led to the breakup of the USSR.

It’s a Man-Moveable-Air-Protection System (MANPADS) that makes use of infrared homing know-how to go looking and strike flying targets.

The Stinger, which sits on the operator’s shoulder, was first developed within the US in 1981 and is at present utilized by greater than 18 nations.

The missile is 5.0 ft (1.52 m) lengthy and a couple of.8 in (70 mm) in diameter with 10 cm fins.

And the missile weighs about 22 lb (10.1 kg), whereas the missile with launcher weighs roughly 34 lb (15.2 kg). 

The place have they been utilized in Ukraine?

To deliver down quite a lot of Russian plane, although unclear precisely the place. Ukraine’s army mentioned 5 Russian planes and one helicopter had been shot down in Luhansk within the east yesterday. 

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Bayraktar TB2 drones

Turkey first developed a prototype for the TB2 (pictured) in 2007 before the drones reached the final production stage in 2012

Turkey first developed a prototype for the TB2 (pictured) in 2007 earlier than the drones reached the ultimate manufacturing stage in 2012

Nation that despatched them: Turkey

What number of has Ukraine obtained? A number of batches, however official determine unknown

Value: Round £3.7 million ($5 million) every

How they work: Able to 24-hour flights at an altitude of 24,000 ft (7,300 metres) and carrying a payload of 330 lbs (150kg), the TB2 is well-armed and is a supply of Turkish nationwide satisfaction. 

It’s able to finishing up aerial strikes in opposition to tanks and bunkers, with a most altitude of 5 miles to keep away from enemy machine weapons. 

The drone can even navigate even when it loses GPS sign.

Reality-file: Turkey first developed a prototype for the TB2 in 2007 earlier than the drones reached the ultimate manufacturing stage in 2012.

They’ve beforehand been utilized by Azerbaijan in opposition to Armenian separatists; Turkish safety forces, together with their allies in Libya and Syria; and likewise offered to Ukraine and Qatar.

The drones are 21ft lengthy, have a prime pace of 80mph and a spread of 93 miles. 

The place have they been utilized in Ukraine? Unclear 

152mm artillery ammunition

Artillery guns in 152 mm or 155 mm calibres can be found in the majority of current and recent conflicts. They are designed to provide fire support for armour and infantry forces by firing munitions at greater distances than small arms and light weapons

Artillery weapons in 152 mm or 155 mm calibres could be discovered within the majority of present and up to date conflicts. They are designed to supply hearth help for armour and infantry forces by firing munitions at larger distances than small arms and light-weight weapons

Nation that despatched them: Czech Republic

How a lot has Ukraine obtained? Unknown

Value: Round £746 ($1,000) per spherical 

How they work: Artillery weapons are designed to supply hearth help for armour and infantry forces by firing munitions at larger distances than small arms and light-weight weapons. 

Reality-file: Artillery weapons in 152 mm or 155 mm calibres could be discovered within the majority of present and up to date conflicts.

The 2 calibres are broadly related in capabilities; each are capable of ship a projectile of roughly 88 lbs (40 kg) to ranges of 10-24 miles (17-40 km). 152 mm and 155 mm calibre weapons are sometimes thought-about to be ‘heavy artillery’.

Probably the most widespread towed 152 mm artillery items is the Soviet-designed M1955 (D-20) gun-howitzer, first noticed through the Fifties.

The place have they been utilized in Ukraine? Unclear